Fairphone is a social enterprise with the aim to develop a smartphone designed and produced with minimal harm to people and planet. The company is based in Amsterdam, Netherlands, and is supported by the Waag Society, a foundation that aims to foster experimentation with new technologies, art and culture. The main motivation for founding Fairphone was to develop a mobile device which does not contain conflict minerals (which in smartphones are typically gold, tin, tantalum and tungsten) and with fair labor conditions for the workforce along the supply chain.
Fairphone was founded as a social enterprise in January 2013 after having existed as a campaign for two and a half years. The company’s website states that their mission is to “bring a fair smartphone to the market – one designed and produced with minimal harm to people and planet”. Fairphone, however, acknowledges that it will not be possible to produce a 100% fair phone yet, but by aiming toward this end seeks to raise awareness among consumers and in the mobile industry.